The cannabis plant is incredibly diverse with unique biological makeup and a long list of potential benefits, which means the terpene list is no different. The terpene class can be broken down into different categories, which are sweet, sour, spicy, or bitter.
These categories further break down into more specific aromas, which correlate with the different aspects of the specific strain profiles the terpenes were extracted from.
Most consumers who want to experience the effects of this aromatic compound use CBD oil terpenes, because it also contains the well-known cannabidiol compound.
According to various studies, the combination of these compounds can benefit the health and wellbeing of users. Experts recommend that consumers employ the use of a terpene mood finder before purchasing a terpene infused product, as this can help them correctly identify the terpene that best suits their needs.
CBD Oil Terpenes Explained
Terpenes are aromatic composites that plants produce to attract pollinators and repel pests. They are responsible for the aromas and scents all species in the flora kingdom emit. Terpenes also have anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, which help both humans and animals with different ailments.
One of the world’s richest terpene sources is the cannabis sativa, marijuana, and hemp plants. These plants all belong to the same species. Every chemovar has different terpene profiles, which influence the effects it produces.
Terpenes are synthesised in secretory cells inside the entire cannabis plant, with the compound increasing in number with light exposure. A significant concentration of CBD with terpenes is found in unfertilised female cannabis flowers. When it comes to this aromatic class, people often use the word terpene and terpenoid interchangeably; however, they have different meanings.
The differentiating factor between terpenes and terpenoids is that terpenes are hydrocarbons (meaning the only elements present are carbon and hydrogen). In contrast, terpenoids have been denatured by oxidation (drying and curing or chemically modified).
Most consumers prefer to use CBD oil with terpenes and other products that contain terpenes, because it enhances the overall effects the chosen product produces. Terpenes are also available in liquid form as an add-on for cannabis by-products.
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Common CBD terpenes
Among the thousands of studies dedicated to the illustrious cannabis plant, analysts have identified approximately 140 different types of terpenes. The acute dissection of various terpenes left experts with a handful of aromatic compounds that have distinct characteristics.
The terpenes and their identifiable characteristics are listed below:
This terpene is found in most cannabis products and can be identified by a woody pine aroma.
Ocimene is defined by a combination of sweet, earthy and citrus-scented smells. This terpene is found in various cannabis strains.
Linalool presents a sweet, floral-scent that has a hint of spice. The spice element in this terpene is often compared to the unique scent of clove.
Myrcene is another very popular terpene that can exists in most strains of cannabis species. Each strain contains a different concentration level of this terpene. Myrcene has a distinguishable musky earth smell.
Limonene is a terpene that is frequently associated with the sativa cannabis strains. This terpene has a citrus aroma that is similar to that of citrus fruit.
Terpinolene offers a sweet, floral-scent that is commonly linked to the Jack Herer strain of cannabis.
Terpineol is known for its pleasant floral and earth-scented aroma.
Valencene is a potent citrus-scented terpene that is often associated with oranges.
Caryophyllene has a unique spicy aroma that is combined with a sweet, earthy scent. This is the only terpene that interacts with the endocannabinoid system when consumed.
Unique Uses of CBD Terpenes
Aside from providing cannabis products with their distinctive natural aromas, terpenes also offer users a broad range of therapeutic benefits. CBD including terpenes works synergistically in the body to provide users with various benefits that help combat ailments.
Below is a detailed look at the uses of terpenes:
|Common Terpenes CBD||Terpenes CBD Use/Benefit|
|In high doses, myrcene induces sedation, whereas, in low doses, it has an energising effect.|
|Linalool has sedative properties, which can be used to relieve both stress and anxiety.|
|Caryophyllene has anti-inflammatory and analgesic benefits. It is often used to treat conditions that cause inflammation/pain.|
|Limonene elevates moods and heightens senses. It is quite useful in treating depression, stress and anxiety.|
|Pinene stimulates better moods, acts as an anti-inflammatory agent and bronchodilator.|
|Ocimene||This terpene has a unique compound structure that allows it to produce anti-fungal and anti-inflammatory effects.|
|Terpinolene||When inhaled, terpinolene can provide anti-oxidant, anti-cancer, and tranquilising effects.|
|Terpineol||Terpineol is well known for its ability to provide mood enhancements and stress relief.|
|Valencene||This energetic fragrance provides users with elevated energy and mood levels. This is useful in the minimisation of anxiety and stress symptoms.|
|Geraniol||This terpene can be used as an insect repellent, to relieve mild allergies or enhance moods.|
|Humulene||Humulene exhibits anti-bacterial properties, which is useful in treating bacterial infections. This terpene can also be used as an appetite suppressant.|
An Overview of the Terpene Wheel
Different forms or strains of CBD oil with terpenes are sometimes hard to identify as there is little to no information about the origin of the oil on the package. This is the main reason why experts encourage consumers to use external tools to identify cannabis products’ strains.
The most popular way to trace the lineage of terpene based cannabis products is through a terpene wheel. Although the wheel was primarily created to market different cannabis products, the concept is becoming an invaluable tool for patients, caregivers, and cultivators alike.
Spectral analyses showed that the individual strains to which terpenes belonged could be easily identified through the wheel. It also helped patients appropriately treat their said conditions more effectively as they could choose a strain based on the effects they desire.
By mapping out terpene profiles, users can predict and even manipulate the effects and medicinal value of CBD with terpenes. It also gives manufacturers endless opportunities to develop new, highly-desired cannabis strains.